Lesson: Defining and diagnosing Learning Disabilities
Author: Prisca Moore
Subject Area: Other
Grade Level: 12 - 12
In this lesson you will gain experience in closely reading the Special Education Regulations on the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction (DPI) to identify the key components of the diagnosis of learning disabilities and develop an understanding of key elements from IDEA 2004 to address when evaluating a student to determine eligibility for specific learning disabilities.
After completing this lesson, students will be able to 1. state the definition of specific learning disability (SLD) 2. list the seven areas in which students must have severe trouble learning or demonstrating academic skills 3. list the three criteria which must be considered and met in order for the child to be determined to have a SLD 4. list and explain the five areas which must be considered when determining if a student has a learning disability.
You will be visiting the website of the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction (DPI) to locate and carefully read information about stu dents with specific learning disabilities.
Directions: Here is a brief introduction to learning disabilities. Note the interesting facts about learning disabilities and the five common learning disabilities described.
Dysgraphia A severe difficulty in producing handwriting that is legible and written at an age-appropriate speed.
Dyslexia A language-based disability that affects both oral and written language. It may also be referred to as reading disability, reading difference, or reading disorder.
Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD) A disorder that occurs when the ear and the brain do not coordinate fully. A CAPD is a physical hearing impairment, but one which does not show up as a hearing loss on routine screenings or an audiogram. Instead, it affects the hearing system beyond the ear, whose job it is to separate a meaningful message from non-essential background sound and deliver that information with good clarity to the intellectual centers of the brain (the central nervous system).
Dyscalculia A severe difficulty in understanding and using symbols or functions needed for success in mathematics.
Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) An inability to accurately process and interpret sound information. Students with APD often do not recognize subtle differences between sounds in words.
Nonverbal Learning Disability A neurological disorder which originates in the right hemisphere of the brain. Reception of nonverbal or performance-based information governed by this hemisphere is impaired in varying degrees, causing problems with visual-spatial, intuitive, organizational, evaluative, and holistic processing functions.
Visual Processing Disorder An inability to accurately process and interpret visual information. Students with visual processing disorders often do not recognize subtle differences between letters in words or numbers.